Saving your report card, please wait...

September, 2017

your very own Salud Report Card for

Maricopa County, Arizona

1 of 3 U.S. public school students will be Latino by 2024. 1

In Maricopa County today,
1 in 4 adults (25.7%) and
1 in 2 kids (43.1%) are Latino2
...and it ranks 1st of 15 counties
in health outcomes.3
This Salud America! Salud Report Card
highlights health issues in your county (vs. state + nation) with
DATA POLICY SOLUTIONS RESEARCH STORIES
so you can start and support healthy changes in these areas:
Icon for Big Bet: Active Spaces Icon for Big Bet: Better Food in Neighborhoods Icon for Big Bet: Sugary Drinks Icon for Big Bet: Healthier Schools Icon for Big Bet: Healthy Weight Icon for Big Bet: Health Equity
Icon for Big Bet: Healthier Weight
Obesity

More U.S. Latino kids are obese by age 5 than whites, due to maternal obesity, less breastfeeding, and workplace/childcare issues.

Learn More

In THE UNITED STATES OVERALL, nearly 40% of U.S. Latino youths ages 2-19 are overweight or obese, compared with only 28.5% of non-Latino white youths.

In Arizona OVERALL, 45.9% of Latino children ages 10-17 are overweight or obese, compared with 30.0% of non-Latino white children.4

In Maricopa County OVERALL, 25.4% of all adults aged 20 and older self-report that they have a Body Mass Index (BMI; a measure of body fat based on height and weight) greater than 30.0 (obese).5 36.7% of all adults aged 18 and older self-report that they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25.0 and 30.0 (overweight). 5

Percent Adults with BMI > 30.0 (Obese)


Maricopa County, AZ (25.4%)
Arizona (26.2%)
USA (27.5%)

Percent Adults Overweight


Maricopa County, AZ (36.7%)
Arizona (36.8%)
USA (35.8%)
Icon for Big Bet: Better Food in the Neighborhood Icon for Big Bet: Sugary Drinks
Food Access

U.S. Latino kids face unhealthy neighborhood food environments with fewer grocery stores and more fast food.

Learn More

Fast Food Restaurant Access 6

This indicator reports the number of fast food restaurants per 100,000 people in Maricopa County OVERALL. This indicator is relevant because it measures environmental influences on dietary behaviors.

Fast Food Restaurants, Rate
(Per 100,000 Population)


Maricopa County, AZ (77.02)
Arizona (69.51)
USA (74.6)

Grocery Store Access 6

This indicator reports the number of grocery stores per 100,000 people in Maricopa County OVERALL. This indicator is relevant because it provides a measure of healthy food access in a community.

Grocery Stores, Rate
(Per 100,000 Population)


Maricopa County, AZ (12.99)
Arizona (12.97)
USA (21.19)

Fruit/Veggie Consumption 7

In Maricopa County OVERALL, 2,093,624, or 74.8% of adults over the age of 18 are consuming less than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables each day. This indicator is relevant because unhealthy eating may cause health issues.

Percent Adults with Inadequate Fruit / Vegetable Consumption


Maricopa County, AZ (74.8%)
Arizona (74.6%)
USA (75.7%)
Icon for Big Bet: Active Spaces
Physical Activity Issues

Latino children and adults face less access to recreational facilities and lower activity rates.

Learn More

Recreation and Fitness Facility Access 8

This indicator reports the number per 100,000 population of recreation facilities in Maricopa County OVERALL. This indicator is relevant because access to recreation facilities encourages physical activity and healthy behaviors.

Recreation and Fitness Facilities, Rate
(Per 100,000 Population)


Maricopa County, AZ (8.41)
Arizona (8.14)
USA (10.46)

Physical Inactivity 6

In Maricopa County OVERALL, 527,494 or 18.0% of adults aged 20+ self-report no leisure time for activity, based on the question: "During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercises such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?"

Percent Population with no Leisure Time Physical Activity


Maricopa County, AZ (18%)
Arizona (18.9%)
USA (21.8%)

Pedestrian-Motor Vehicle Accidents 7

Maricopa County OVERALL had 50 pedestrian deaths from 2011-13. This indicator shows the pedestrian deaths by motor vehicles per 100,000 people. These preventable deaths may be associated with a lack of safe routes (sidewalks, crosswalks, walkable spaces) and narrow traffic lanes/roads.

Pedestrian Motor Vehicle Mortality, Crude Death Rate
(Per 100,000 Pop.)


Maricopa County, AZ (4.5)
Arizona (4.6)
USA (3.1)
Icon for Big Bet: Health Equity
Health Equity

Latino families face inequities in educational attainment, income, residential segregation, access to care, and more.

Learn More

Children in Poverty 2

In Maricopa County OVERALL, 24.4% or 244,141 children 0-17 live in households with income below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL). Poverty creates barriers to access of health services, healthy food, and other necessities that contribute to poor health status.

Percent Population Under Age 18 in Poverty


Maricopa County, AZ (24.38%)
Arizona (25.96%)
USA (21.73%)

Access to Primary Care 11

This indicator reports the number of primary care physicians per 100,000 population in Maricopa County OVERALL. Having a usual primary care provider is linked to a higher likelihood of appropriate care (and thus better health outcomes).

Primary Care Physicians, Rate per 100,000 Pop.


Maricopa County, AZ (77.88)
Arizona (73.7)
USA (87.8)

% with No Health Insurance 2

This indicator reports the percentage of the total civilian non-institutionalized population without health insurance coverage in Maricopa County OVERALL. Lack of health insurance is considered a key driver of health status.

Percent Uninsured Population


Maricopa County, AZ (15.23%)
Arizona (15.04%)
USA (12.98%)
Socio-economic Barriers for Maricopa County Latinos 2
% among Latino Population % among Non-Latino Population
No High School Diploma
Maricopa County 36.3% 6.07%
Arizona 34.31% 7.47%
United States 35.1% 9.76%
Children in Poverty
Maricopa County 37.68% 14.3%
Arizona 36.13% 18.17%
United States 32.29% 18.37%
Uninsured
Maricopa County 26.8% 10.24%
Arizona 24.54% 10.91%
United States 25.76% 10.33%
Vulnerable Populations

"Vulnerable populations" are those with over 20% of the population living below the poverty level AND over 25% of the population with less than high school education-two indicators that are primary social determinants of population health.

In Maricopa County OVERALL, Latinos comprise 69.0% of the entire vulnerable population (who are in both poverty and have less than a high school educational attainment), compared to non-Latino whites who comprise 18.4% of the entire vulnerable population.2 The map below shows the vulnerable population in red.

Vulnerable Populations Footprint 2

Above all thresholds (Footprint)
Population living below poverty: >= 20%
Populaton with below high school attainment: >= 25%

Like maps?

Want to know where the parks are in your county? The farmer's markets? The hospitals?

Email us and we can help you create a map of almost anything in your area, for you to show to decision-makers!

You know the issues. Now what?

Share This Report!
Email this report to colleagues; share it to start discussions on Facebook and Twitter, or at the PTA, etc.; and bring it to city/school leaders to spur change.

Start (or Support) a Change!

1. Start a change and share it with us. We might write it up, film it, promote it nationally, and move you from Leader to Hero!

2. Use our map to connect with Salud Leaders who you can ask to support your change, or find changes you can support!

3. Gather support from others by starting your own forum for discussion on the SA! Hub.

Need more data first?

Email our Salud America! digital curators, Amanda, Lisa and Eric, who can answer questions and help you access information, data and maps on many other topics.

References

Note: Data in this Salud Report Card was selected by Salud America! curators from several data and mapping tools available on the Community Commons website, including the Community Health Needs Assessment and the Vulnerable Populations Footprint tools. Contact our curator team at saludamerica@uthscsa.edu for a full report or more tailored data.

1. National Center for Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cge.asp.

2. U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS). 2011-2015. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC. Available.

3. County Health Rankings (2016). http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/.

4. National Survey of Children's Health 2011-12. Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health.

5. Overweight and Obesity: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). 2011-12. Atlanta, GA..1

6. Fast food restaurant access and grocery store access: U.S. Census Bureau. (2012). County Business Patterns. 2013. U.S. Department of Commerce.1

7. CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). 2005-09. Atlanta, GA. Available.1

8. U.S. Census Bureau. County Business Patterns. (CBP). 2013. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC. Available.1

9. CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP). 2012. Atlanta, GA. Available.1

10. U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Fatality Analysis Reporting System. 2011-13 (county data).

11. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, HRSA, Area Health Resource File (AHRF). 2012. Washington, DC. Available.1

1 Additional estimation and analysis done by CARES.

Saving your report card, please wait...

Public Hub Hub Tree: Salud America!

Salud America! is a national online network of researchers, community group leaders, decision-makers, and members of the public working together to support healthy policy and environmental changes that can help reverse obesity among Latino children.

The network, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, is a project of the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Policies, comments, external links, and contributed stories and images are not affiliated with Salud America!, RWJF, or The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, nor do they necessarily reflect the views of or endorsement by these organizations.

Hub Admins