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Family at a school graduation.

Latinos are the nation’s largest racial/ethnic minority group. They are expected to grow from 1 in 6 people today to 1 in 4 by 2035 and 1 in 3 by 2060. They’re also one of the most diverse groups, with distinct differences between those of varying national or territorial origin, place of birth, and language use.

Latinos also suffer vast differences in health conditions, also called health disparities, than whites.

Why do these disparities exist?

Certain health inequities are at play, which are rooted in social disadvantage and therefore are unjust or avoidable. Here we address six basic inequities among Latinos: educational attainment; income; residential segregation; access to care; community advocacy that drives disparities-reducing policies; and opposition to such policies.

Several actions can be taken to promote health equity and reduce health disparities, which can contribute to a culture of health where everyone is empowered to live the healthiest lives they can.

Health Equity: What‘s New?

See SA! Changes SA! Resources Salud Heroes in this topic.

SA! Change City Councilman Behind Efforts to Save Ed. Program for Low-Income Students

San Antonio, Texas

Education is one of the most important factors that determines a person’s long-term health and success in life. While more and more Latinos are finding their way into two- and four-year colleges and universities, they still lag behind other racial/ethnic groups. Often, a lack of access and opportunity prevent many Latino students from continuing their … Read more

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Salud Hero Technology Brings Health Care to Latinos in Houston

Houston, Texas

Peter Kim is a sort of accidental convert to the world of telehealth. Kim was about to start his labor-intensive medical residency—but he also wanted to continue his work as a community health coordinator with Harbor Health Home in Houston. How could he do both? Telehealth. Kim began to further explore how to use telehealth … Read more

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SA! Change Teenagers Help Erase School Lunch Debt

United States

It cannot be emphasized enough: kids need to eat healthy, nutritious meals in order for them to succeed academically. There is an indisputable link between nutrition and the development of children’s brains. Despite this importance, many kids go hungry. Kids from low-income families, including a disproportionate number of Latinos, often go without meals at school … Read more

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SA! Change Do Latinos Live in the Safest Cities in America?

Naperville, Illinois

It’s a fact. Where you live greatly affects your health. Live near a major road? How about a power plant? Or a densely populated neighborhood? Are you close to a supermarket? All of these factors – and more – impact your health on a day-to-day basis. For many low-income and Latino families, live in areas … Read more

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SA! Change New Funds Awarded to Encourage SNAP Participants to Eat Healthier

United States

Since its inception, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has become the most important anti-hunger program in the United States. The program has helped benefit millions of low-income Latino families out of poverty and support them by providing an “adequate diet.” Overall, Latinos have a higher poverty rate than the national average. According to a … Read more

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SA! Change New Affordable Housing Initiative Proposed for Austin

Austin, Texas

Where you live matters. There is no escaping how important that housing impacts an individual’s life. Where someone lives affects their income and education levels, their access to opportunities, and their overall health. In many “big cities” in the United States, housing costs force some low-income and Latino families to make difficult financial decisions. Many … Read more

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SA! Change Salvation Army in Chattanooga Helps Residents ‘Beat the Heat’

Chattanooga, Tennessee

With temperatures this summer reaching into the triple digits in many cities across the country, staying hydrated is crucially important for everyone. In many low-income and Latino neighborhoods, this becomes problematic, as access to clean drinking water is not always readily available. In Chattanooga, Tenn. (5.41% Latino population), the city’s branch of the Salvation Army … Read more

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SA! Change Low Wages Leave Many Latino Families in NV Struggling

Nevada

Even as the unemployment rate continues to drop around the country – which is a clear positive sign for the economy – the situation for many Latino and low-income families is still very bleak. Approximately 1 in 6 households have zero or negative net worth, according to the financial website Prosperity Now. In the state … Read more

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SA! Change Latinos are Well-Represented in Both the Most & Least Educated Cities in the U.S.

United States

Having an education, quite frankly, is very important. A person’s education level determines much about how their life will unfold. Education is associated with overall health, income level, career paths, access to resources, and housing. More and more Latinos are finding their way into two- and four-year colleges and universities, making great strides in education. … Read more

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SA! Resource Language Barriers Often Keep Latinos from Being Home Owners

Where people live determines a great deal; it impacts education, income, access to resources, and overall health. Home ownership is often a great source of pride for many individuals, including Latinos. However, many Latinos often run into significant barriers that keep them from becoming homeowners. One of the main barriers is language. Often times, Latinos … Read more

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SA! Change New Orleans Mayor to Address Climate Change Through Walking

Latino health climate change

New Orleans, Louisiana

New Orleans has a lot at stake when it comes to climate change. Among many strategies to reduce dependence on carbon-fired power and increase locally generated solar energy, New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu announced plans in July 2017 to address climate change by redesigning regional public transit so 50% of trips are taken by modes … Read more

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SA! Change Health Fair in St. Louis Geared toward Latinos

St. Louis, Missouri

Latinos are already the nation’s largest racial and ethnic minority group. They are also the youngest and fastest growing. As communities change to reflect these new and evolving dynamics, Latino health is going to be critical to the country overall for generations to come. Despite their numbers, many Latinos face numerous inequities and barriers that … Read more

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Public Hub Hub Tree: Salud America!

Salud America! is a national online network of researchers, community group leaders, decision-makers, and members of the public working together to support healthy policy and environmental changes that can help reverse obesity among Latino children.

The network, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, is a project of the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Policies, comments, external links, and contributed stories and images are not affiliated with Salud America!, RWJF, or The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, nor do they necessarily reflect the views of or endorsement by these organizations.

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