Race and ethnicity are collected in most applications as two separate categories, based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. By the OMB standard, the minimum race categories reported are:
1. American Indian or Alaska Native
3. Black or African American
4. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
The minimum ethnicity categories are:
1. Hispanic or Latino
2. Not Hispanic or Latino
The CHNA report tool aims to provide data by race and ethnicity whenever it is available. Because race and ethnicity are two separate self-identification categories, they may be reported together, or discretely. When reported together, data may be presented in the following manner: White (Non-Hispanic); White (Hispanic); Black (Non-Hispanic); Black (Hispanic); etc. Data reported in this manner may be presented in a pie chart because the segmented population constitutes the total population of an area.
Often, the sample size for a population group with race/ethnicity together does not meet the minimum required population threshold for reported data. When reported discretely, the sample size may be adequate to display include statistics for population groups by race, independent of Hispanic origin, and for population groups by Hispanic origin, independent of race. For these indicators, only the data segmented by race constitutes the total population. Data reported for Hispanic origin is still valid, but must be excluded from the pie chart because the population overlaps the population by race.