A Review of Health Impact Assessments in the U.S.: Current State-of-Science, Best Practices, and Areas for Improvement


This review of HIAs in the Transportation, Housing/Buildings/ Infrastructure, Land Use, and Waste Management/Site Revitalization sectors was conducted to inventory the types of community-level decisions being made and to assess the data, tools, and models currently used in HIAs in these four sectors.

This information will aid in promoting existing EPA tools, methods, and models that can support HIAs, identifying potential research focus areas to support and improve the HIA community of practice, and discovering what the ecological assessment community of practice could draw from HIAs and vice versa in order to promote healthy and sustainable communities.